Exploring Self-Control, Self-Efficacy and Resilience among Individuals with Substance Use Disorder
Keywords:Brief self-control, general self-efficacy, resilience, substance use disorder, opioid addiction
This study aimed to examine the role of resilience in the connections between self-control and self-efficacy in individuals struggling with opioid addiction, particularly heroin. The research took place in Faisalabad, Pakistan, over an eight-month period from July 01, 2021, to February 28, 2022, involving 200 patients with substance use disorder who were specifically addicted to heroin. Diagnostic questionnaires based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th Edition) were utilized to collect demographic data and assess the level of addiction. Measurement tools like the Brief Self-Control Scale (BSCS-13), General self-efficacy scale (GSE-10), and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC-10) were also employed. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used in the data analysis. The results demonstrated a significant positive correlation between self-control, resilience, and self-efficacy in these individuals. Resilience was found to act as a full mediator between self-control and self-efficacy. The association between self-control and self-esteem as well as between self-control and self-efficacy was also shown to be partially mediated by resilience. As a result, the study emphasizes how resilience and self-control play a significant role in affecting patients with substance use disorders' sense of self-efficacy, particularly those who are dealing with heroin addiction. It suggests that enhancing self-control and resilience could be beneficial in improving self-efficacy in individuals dealing with heroin addiction.
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